Waste management in Lagos remains a challenge just as it is anywhere in the world. For a state that boasts of a population of 20million people, with businesses springing up in every nook and cranny, the burden of shouldering this responsibility is one that the Lagos State Waste Management Authority deals with on a daily basis.
LAWMA Acting MD, Mrs Abimbola Jijoho Ogun who has been the champion for Healthcare Waste Management in the state says the attitude of the average Lagosian is major problem in waste management. She had a chat with Woman of Substance Nigeria at her office in Lagos.
WOS: Let’s start off with sanitation issues vis-à-vis what it used to be?
Jijoho-Ogun: This issue has been in existence as far back as when this state was created and on daily basis, we have people flocking in here thereby increasing the population which will also tell on the generation of waste. As at today we have over 20million people in Lagos and that means we have something huge to collect in terms of waste on regular basis. The journey has not been very smooth, it’s been challenging but that is why LAWMA has been in the forefront of keeping Lagos clean, it’s a very tough job but we are doing our best.
WOS: Isn’t it a huge responsibility for LAWMA to handle all alone?
Jijoho-Ogun: I will tell you that the PSP operators have really assisted in keeping the city clean because we have over 360 of these PSP operators around Lagos and they do these jobs everyday with defined route plans. Government is also available with back up services to see that we do more in keeping this environment clean.
Government has also provided regular support for funding, there is provision for infrastructure especially the landfill sites and also the final resting place for the waste which we call the dumpsite.
There are 5 of them in Lagos that are upgraded on a monthly basis and to run waste management as a project on its own is quite expensive. In all the landfill sites, we use at least 10 bulldozers and each of these costs so much and to maintain the equipment or run the overhead at those sites is huge compared to what citizens pay for the job we do.
So the government sees waste collection as a social service and that’s why we are able to capture areas that are not even motorable, areas with low income earners and we have been able to do so much with support from the Ministry of Environment which is our parent body. So far we have been able to reach where we are because the government is playing its part.
WOS: What approach to waste collection would you say has worked for LAWMA?
Jijoho-Ogun: Our management has a passion and loving heart for the people we have here. The workforce is an added advantage, our workers have confidence in management.
We have come as far back as 177 as an organization I mean, that is after Festac 77 but the new improved LAWMA came into force in 2005 when the new MD came into office and since then we have introduced great measures to see that the job is done right at all times.
WOS: On average, how much waste is generated in Lagos?
Jijoho-Ogun: On a daily basis at least 10-12 metric tons because from a survey that was carried out, we discovered that every human being generate about 0.5kg of waste per day so if we have about 20 million people then it gives you an idea of what we generate in waste daily and as a result of this we have to find a way to manage it so that they don’t all end up at the landfill site that’s when we talk about sorting, we have also gone to the level of trying to covert so we have moved away from that stage of heaps of waste on the streets of Lagos.
It’s important that we all realize that waste must be properly collected, properly bagged and properly disposed. The use of cart pushers is something that must be discouraged because they cause more harm than good by dumping your waste anywhere and everywhere they find space.
WOS: How compelling are the sanitation laws in the state?
Jijoho-Ogun: You know we have so many laws, there was one that was established as far back as 1986, which compelled every household to have receptacles, bins with lids so that each household in Lagos will have its own container for waste but on 25% of Lagosians have receptacles.
Enforcement is a major issue for us in Lagos but we really need to be careful so that we don’t end up blocking people from entering their homes what we are employing is dialogue and we are hoping that dialogue does the magic for us.
WOS: Let’s talk Enlightenment, how has LAWMA fared in this area?
Jijoho-Ogun: We have about 18 radio and TV programmes that run every week in a number of local languages and in English to let people know what is expected of them and also enlighten them about what LAWMA is doing. We have the children advocacy group in LAWMA that go around to get themselves acquainted with what is also expected of them so I would say that LAWMA is doing so much in the area of enlightenment.
On a daily basis at least 10-12 metric tons because from a survey that was carried out, we discovered that every human being generate about 0.5kg of waste per day so if we have about 20 million people then it gives you an idea of what we generate in waste daily ~ Mrs Abimbola Jijoho Ogun
WOS: How would you describe the attitude of some motorists in Lagos?
Jijoho-Ogun: Picture this scenario, someone obviously looking very educated driving a lovely car, finishes eating something inside the car, winds down and throws the wrapper or plastic bottle or sachet of water out of the car and you wonder what’s going on.
The notion they have is, oh government is paying someone to keep the streets clean so if I don’t throw stuff out how would they get rubbish to sweep off the streets. Attitude like this won’t take us anywhere as a people, what you throw out of your car can cause someone else harm so we really need to change our attitude in terms of so many things.
WOS: Let’s talk About the Waste to Food event, why the focus on children?
Jijoho-Ogun: Remember we all started out as children, a lot of things kept us busy those days and we thought about ways to engage the minds of children while they are on holidays away from the kind of work they do while in school so LAWMA came up with that programme to create an avenue for children to come together during the holidays and learn something new while at play.
It’s an annual programme during the long vacation where we help children imbibe the culture of waste management, you were there and you saw the drama the children came up with all of which pointed to the essence of keeping the environment clean and the benefits that are derivable from waste. It was a good time with the children and we are hoping next year’s edition brings more children together.
WOS: Thank you for your time
Jijoho-Ogun: My pleasure